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Tar and compress in one easy step

When taring files and directories the chances are you will want to compress the archive as well. Here’s how to do it quickly, in a single command:

tar -czvf archive.tgz directory

Let’s break it down

First we are taring “directory”, the “-c” parameters tells tar to create, “-v” to be verbose and “-f” to specify the archive file for output.

There is one specific parameter in this tar command that is different to your usual use of tar when creating an archive and that’s “-z”. This parameter informs tar to also compress the archive with gzip.

Of course you could also use bzip2, like so:

tar -cjvf archive.tar.bz2 directory

Pretty simple stuff when you know the command, also extremely useful.

Posted in Linux on the 22nd April 2010

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